Air Quality

A Future Prognosis

22 January 2022
Introduction
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Contents
User Guide
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Sources
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World Outlook
Main factors that cause something to happen globally
The Education Finance Playbook - produced by Theirworld earlier in 2021 - warned about the shortfall of $75 billion a year that is needed to meet the United Nations' goal of quality education for every child by 2030. ReliefWeb
Energy intensive air conditioning, likely to be the world's primary heat reduction strategy, exacerbates global warming and drives further extreme heat events, 5 while remaining unaffordable for the estimated two to five billion people who will be exposed to heat stress by 2050. The BMJ
The US effort - which is estimated to cost US$ 6.6 billion up until 2027 - has focused on developing and applying new mapping technologies in its BRAIN (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies) Initiative. Nature Medicine
Global regions, coloured according to number of forecasts
SWOT
Strengths
  • Measures that can be taken to improve air quality in Stara Zagora will aim at limiting heating with solid fuel and encouraging the use of forms of heating with a much lower footprint on the environment. / Bulgaria Eurocities
  • China is ready to import more African agricultural products, under a 'green lane', which are easier to access and could benefit from air connectivity which pre-pandemic was quite robust between Addis Ababa as a hub and Chinese airports. FirstPost
  • With dangerously high air pollution levels and continued respiratory threats from COVID-19, the need to protect public health in India is urgent. CleanTechnica
Weaknesses
  • The cramped quarters, poor ventilation, and inadequate health care services prevalent in Brazil's detention centers created an increased risk of Covid-19 outbreaks. Human Rights Watch
  • The supply chain tightness that was originated during the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic as a result of the limited available capacity, labour shortages and closure of ports, will continue in 2022 amidst the huge demand for air cargo. Daily News
  • There will be continuing pressure to phase down coal, although India has not set any clear plans to control coal's impact on deteriorating air quality. Busienss Standard
Opportunities
  • York decided against cameras and charges to clean up its air and instead simply banned diesel buses from the city centre, and Leeds will not be introducing a charging zone at all as air quality has already improved. YorkshireLive
  • WHO will continue to advance the research agenda on oxygen and respiratory support to better understand oxygen use for COVID-19 as well as interventions that may reduce need for Intermittent Mandatory Ventilation. WHO
  • The Commission's ability to perform its functions effectively and facilitate measures that will improve air quality in the NCR and adjoining areas for the long term will likely be impacted by several political, economic, technical, and social factors. / India News
Threats
  • Covid-related labor shortages have prompted Cathay Pacific to scale back cargo flights and will likely cause shipping delays in the air cargo hub, Zhengzhou. Flexport Data
  • The disruption to trucking services within Australia as drivers and warehouse workers either become ill with COVID-19 or are forced to isolate has forced some companies, including fast-food group Subway, to consider switching from trucks to more expensive air freight to get supplies to stores. Australian Financial Review
  • Air pollution contributes to the global burden of disease, with ambient exposure to fine particulate matter of diameters smaller than 2.5 µm (PM 2.5) being identified as the fifth-ranking risk factor for mortality globally. Nature
Influencers
Countries
Cities
People
Organizations
S-Curve

A framework that describes a 4-phase level of maturity to help determine potential and inform innovation strategy.

Weak
PC, computer, connected, death, engineer, fitness
Emerging
artificial intelligence, EV, building, car, aid, bed
Maturing
death, clean, health, building, environment, carbon
Declining
airline, death, car, coal, carbon, cost
Sentiment
Past Year: Stable
Compare changing sentiment to a benchmark of all forecasts
The Education Finance Playbook - produced by Theirworld earlier in 2021 - warned about the shortfall of $75 billion a year that is needed to meet the United Nations' goal of quality education for every child by 2030. ReliefWeb
Direct air capture could be a multi-gigaton per year industry by the 2040s, potentially playing a very significant role in the stabilisation of climate change. Future Timeline
PEST
Political
  • Few beautification projects have longer lasting benefits than tree planting, and the 50 trees planted this fall on Defense Supply Center Richmond, Virginia, will provide shade, shelter and improved air quality for years to come. Defense Logistics Agency
  • New York City's new law will deliver all-electric homes and buildings that no longer burn gas and oil for heating and cooking, eliminating ambient and indoor air pollution from combustion. The official website of the City of New York
  • Members of UK100, a network of local government leaders committed to improving air quality and reaching Net Zero by 2045 or earlier, are taking ambitious action. AirQualityNews
Economic
  • Measures that can be taken to improve air quality in Stara Zagora will aim at limiting heating with solid fuel and encouraging the use of forms of heating with a much lower footprint on the environment. / Bulgaria Eurocities
  • Bemis Manufacturing Co. will show off a new line of smart air purifiers designed to adjust automatically to indoor air quality and emit essential-oil aromas. Mint
  • Beijing has improved its air quality since China won its bid to host the Games, but the Ministry of Ecology and Environment has said winter smog risks remained severe. Autoblog
Social
  • The daily risk of mechanical ventilation among patients with Delta variant infections was significantly higher than among patients with Omicron variant infections (0.04 vs 0 per 1000 person - days at risk following a positive outpatient test; 2-sided p < 0.001). medRxiv
  • Members do not just care about the air pollution impacting their health; they also care about economic opportunities, access to livelihoods, and addressing the racial injustice that they see, like the anti-Asian hate that spiked during the COVID-19 pandemic. Resilience
  • Wildlife, biodiversity and forests in India have been under threat due to habitat destruction, population explosion, developmental activities, anthropogenic activities, poaching, different types of pollution (land, water, air), climate change, diseases etc. dmeo.gov.in
Technological
  • Volkswagen will equip the Virtus similar to the Taigun, so we can expect features like a 10-inch touchscreen infotainment system, a full-digital instrument cluster, automatic climate control, ventilated front seats and automatic headlights and wipers. AutocarIndia
  • Pagsuyoin is part of a team in Massachusetts developing a wireless sensor that could detect SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, in the air and in wastewater days before an outbreak occurs. NBC News
  • Air pollution is a major health risk: more than 80% of people living in urban areas that monitor air pollution are exposed to air quality levels exceeding World Health Organization guidelines. Food and Agriculture Organisation
Financial Impact
Healthcare organizations increasingly turn to population health to deliver higher-quality care and curb today's unsustainable healthcare spending, projected to reach $6 trillion by 2027. HealthLeaders Media
With cross-border eCommerce values primed to reach $6.9 trillion by 2025, many organizations are innovating their payments technology to meet the needs of international customers. PYMNTS.com
Worldwide e-commerce will reach $5 trillion in 2021, with air cargo projected to account for 20% of e-commerce shipments in 2022. FreightWaves
Click on the dots or the lines to see the connections
System Map
Organizations
Sectors
Cities
Countries
People
Scenarios
Creates plausible alternative futures of what can happen and encourages development of a robust, agile response
The Black Country is one of seven UK strategic industrial clusters to receive support from BEIS and Innovate UK to develop the world's first net zero industrial cluster by 2040. Lloyds Banking Group
Fast forwarding the global transportation sector will not only make air pollution a thing of the past, it's key to making the huge strides science demands in this decade to tackle the climate crisis. Global Optimism
By 2050, the world's population will breathe in 75% of below-standard air a day, which is the severest threat human will have ever encounter. SCG NEWS CHANNEL
Warnings
Changing proportion of published forecasts
Under the joint leadership of the World Health Organization (WHO), Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, and the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), COVAX aims to develop and distribute two billion Covid-19 vaccines to the world's 20% most vulnerable by the end of 2021. CSIS
The world is entering a new era of cash displacement, where digitisation will lead to better economic inclusion, driven by innovative fintech companies. BizClik Media
Solutions
Know how others are tackling issues with this topic
In the coming years, the world will transform into the digital era and human beings will be fully dependent on innovative based solutions. Hidden Brains
Getting to net zero by 2050 will require a combination of technologies, innovative thinking and new approaches - there is no single magic bullet to remove all emissions from the global economy. Business Green
Scientists have already documented reductions in air pollution in China, Italy and New York City because of restrictions on human activity, and researchers are now forecasting that 2020 could see the first sharp declines in global greenhouse-gas emissions since the 2008 recession. Nature Medicine
Key topics
Extremes
Investigate what’s transforming or collapsing
Leaps by Bayer aims to break through the impossible - creating curative innovations that have the potential to change life on earth for the better. Biotechnology News Magazine
The unfolding climate crisis is putting people's lives at risk everywhere in the world and has already claimed too many, from extreme weather events to air pollution. IFLScience
Extreme weather costs the globe about $320 billion a year in economic losses, according to risk modeling firm AIR Worldwide. AP News
What's Next
Changing proportion of material mentioning future years
Preparing students for the world of work in the coming years will require higher education to be far more agile, innovative and transformative. University Business Magazine
In the coming years, NASA plans to send lighter-than-air missions to Venus to explore the atmosphere above the cloud tops, where temperatures are stable and atmospheric pressure is comparable to that of Earth. Universe Today
Questions
Can?
How are indoor air pollution and climate action connected, and how can digitalisation help to improve things? www.climateledger.org
How can the world make progress against energy poverty and indoor air pollution? Our World In Data
How can we integrate wildly different facility data for wastewater pumps, HVAC air quality and elevator destination dispatch systems into a unified digital twin when we still struggle to share basic drawing information between the two largest CAD vendors in the AEC space? Informed Infrastructure
How?
How much more will climate change impact our lives, whether through forest fires, extreme weather events, new zoonotic diseases, choking air or rising seas? editions
How will air quality effects on human health, crops and ecosystems change in the future? MDPI
How is the air cargo industry reacting and responding to the COVID-19 pandemic? Cybersecurity&Infrastructure Security Agency
Who?
Who will require a ventilator or a breathing machine? UCL Minds
What?
What are the inhibiting factors and impact of COVID-19 shaping the Global Advanced Heating, Ventilation, & Air Conditioning Controls Market during the forecast period? Business Wire
What other innovation needs to take place in order to reduce life cycle GHG emissions and impacts on air quality in biomass supply chains? UK Government
What are the key outcomes of the five forces analysis of the Global  Ventilators market? openPR.com
Will?
Will we see a return to pre-COVID levels of jet-setting, with some employees clocking up tens of thousands of air miles each year? Taylor Vinters
Quality Management will result in robust, effective air quality management arrangements? Llywodraeth cymru Welsh Government
A better question to ask is, will the Fed's infinite money creation out of thin air send American capitalism on a ventilator to the burial ground? National Council of Applied Economic Research (India)
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